the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) is a federal issue and signed by President Clinton in 1996. This law provides that individuals would be able to renew or obtain in the case of health insurance for loss of or changes in jobs jobs . This ensures portability provides employment options and reduce, and hopefully eliminate discrimination against individuals with a pre-existing illness. This legislation extended to administrative simplification and a large part of the questions focused on health care fraud and abuse in respect of the privacy of patient health information.
The administrative simplifications fall into two categories, standardization of a common electronic information and the protection and security of patient data stored in electronic health records. The patient information privacy requests formulated by privacy rules. The US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) released the data protection rules were to be implemented as a requirement Summary of the 1996 regulations outlined the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act HIPAA Privacy Regulations .
The Data Protection Regulations Standards dealing with the use and disclosure of individuals' health information called health data. Organizations that are required to demonstrate compliance with data protection regulations the personal rights of individuals must understand and verify that they are using data on patients' health. The Privacy Rule describes the regulations that govern the access, use and disclosure of personal health information.
The O & # 39; Neill Institute (2009) created a summary, which determines the ultimate goal of the policy are: to ensure that the individual's health information is readily available to health care providers who are authorized to access the information and data on the health of the individual is confidential and protected from misuse.
The notice of privacy practices must be in writing, and patients should be informed of their rights according to their personal health data. access to medical records, the change is within the scope of these rights for the information contained in the personal medical records, accounting for individuals who have access to medical information and special requests to limit sensitive information. When the electronic health record began to develop additional health concerns, the information had to be treated on a different level.
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) was adopted in 2009, the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) was passed as part of ARRA. The goal of this initiative is to fund advanced healthcare information technology that would be used in the country and the organizations would be encouraged to participate and adopt a political culture of advanced health information organizations. Health facilities are expected to take effect certified electronic health record, to comply with the HIPAA Privacy Rules, HITECH and ARRA. Once this is done, the health care facility would be allocated additional resources to assist in the provision of patient care. The full implementation of the electronic system is expected to be in place by year-end 2013